Fr. Fondation Esp. Fundación → Association, civil society, philanthropy According to an internationally agreed definition, a foundation is a non-governmental and non-profit making body having an endowment fund of its own, and managed by its own trustees or directors to serve the common welfare. It must be distinguished from an association, which is essentially a group of private individuals...

Multilingual databank in International Relations Sponsored by the EOP (European Observatory for Plurilingualism) http://www.observatoireplurilinguisme.eu/. ‘It is vital that students of IR give language more attention than hitherto, as words shape as well as reflect reality’ Ken Booth   Includes various fields in human and social sciences and philosophy (international economics and...

Fr. Transnationalisme Esp. Transnacionalismo → actors, cosmopolitanism, globalization In the theory of International Relations (IR), transnationalism has been one attempt to widen the discipline beyond the conventional debate between realists/Machiavellians, rationalists/Grotians and revolutionarists/Kantians. It includes, among other things: the claim that the state is no longer the...

Engl. Esp. Ce terme est l’un de ceux qui interrogent le cadre classique des relations internationales tout en le débordant largement, au même titre que « démocide », anthropocène » et quelques autres. Paul Jorion (2016) a repris « soliton » dans un sens métaphorique emprunté à la description de la lame de fonds constituée de plusieurs vagues qui se...

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